ElasticSearch-7.X的JAVA-API

 搜索引擎   大苹果   2023-12-27 22:02   68

前述

  • 虽然现在ES已经到了8.x版本,但是目前实际运用中,7.X版本的还是比较多的,所以关于ESJava中的使用,会区分7.x版本8.x版本
  • 7版本7.8.0为例,8版本8.3.3为例
  • 当前章节为7.8.0版本在Java中的使用
  • 8.3.3版本请查看🔎

项目配置

依赖引入

<dependencies>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.elasticsearch</groupId>
        <artifactId>elasticsearch</artifactId>
        <version>7.8.0</version>
    </dependency>
    <!-- elasticsearch 的客户端 -->
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.elasticsearch.client</groupId>
        <artifactId>elasticsearch-rest-high-level-client</artifactId>
        <version>7.8.0</version>
    </dependency>
    <!-- elasticsearch 依赖 2.x 的 log4j -->
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.apache.logging.log4j</groupId>
        <artifactId>log4j-api</artifactId>
        <version>2.8.2</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.apache.logging.log4j</groupId>
        <artifactId>log4j-core</artifactId>
        <version>2.8.2</version>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId>
        <artifactId>jackson-databind</artifactId>
        <version>2.9.3</version>
    </dependency>
    <!-- junit 单元测试 -->
    <dependency>
        <groupId>junit</groupId>
        <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
        <version>4.12</version>
    </dependency>
</dependencies>

注意:elasticsearch 的两个依赖要和 elasticsearch 服务器版本一致。

客户端对象

// 运行后控制台如果不报错,则代表连接成功。
public class ESTest_Client {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {

        // 创建ES客户端
        // 9200 端口为 Elasticsearch 的 Web 通信端口,localhost 为启动 ES 服务的主机名
        RestHighLevelClient esClient = new RestHighLevelClient(
                RestClient.builder(new HttpHost("localhost",9200,"http"))
        );
        // 关闭ES客户端
        esClient.close();

    }
}

索引操作

创建索引

public class ESTest_Index_Create {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {

        //创建ES客户端
        RestHighLevelClient esClient = new RestHighLevelClient(
                RestClient.builder(new HttpHost("localhost",9200,"http"))
        );

        //创建索引
        CreateIndexRequest request = new CreateIndexRequest("user");
        CreateIndexResponse createIndexResponse =
                esClient.indices().create(request, RequestOptions.DEFAULT);

        //响应状态
        boolean acknowledged = createIndexResponse.isAcknowledged();
        System.out.println("创建索引状态: "+acknowledged);
        esClient.close();

    }
}

查看索引

public class ESTest_Index_Search {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {

        //创建ES客户端
        RestHighLevelClient esClient = new RestHighLevelClient(
                RestClient.builder(new HttpHost("localhost",9200,"http"))
        );

        //查询索引
        GetIndexRequest request = new GetIndexRequest("user");
        GetIndexResponse getIndexResponse =
                esClient.indices().get(request, RequestOptions.DEFAULT);

        //响应状态
        System.out.println(getIndexResponse.getAliases());
        System.out.println(getIndexResponse.getMappings());
        System.out.println(getIndexResponse.getSettings());
        esClient.close();

    }
}

删除索引

public class ESTest_Index_Delete {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {

        //创建ES客户端
        RestHighLevelClient esClient = new RestHighLevelClient(
                RestClient.builder(new HttpHost("localhost",9200,"http"))
        );

        //查询索引
        DeleteIndexRequest request = new DeleteIndexRequest("user");

        AcknowledgedResponse response =
                esClient.indices().delete(request, RequestOptions.DEFAULT);

        //响应状态
        System.out.println(response.isAcknowledged());
        esClient.close();
    }
}

总结

关于索引的请求,用到 xxxIndexRequest 以及 .indices().xxx,其中 xxx 代表增删查

文章操作

新增实体类:User

public class User 
{
    private String name;
  
    private Integer age;
  
    private String sex;
   
    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }

    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }

    public String getSex() {
        return sex;
    }

    public void setSex(String sex) {
        this.sex = sex;
    }

    public Integer getAge() {
        return age;
    }

    public void setAge(Integer age) {
        this.age = age;
    }
}

新增文档

public class ESTest_Doc_Create {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {

        //创建ES客户端
        RestHighLevelClient esClient = new RestHighLevelClient(
                RestClient.builder(new HttpHost("localhost",9200,"http"))
        );

        //插入数据
        IndexRequest request = new IndexRequest();
        request.index("user").id("1001");

        User user = new User();
        user.setName("zhangsan");
        user.setAge(20);
        user.setSex("男");

        //向ES插入数据,必须将数据转换为JSON格式
        ObjectMapper mapper = new ObjectMapper();
        String userJson = mapper.writeValueAsString(user);
        request.source(userJson, XContentType.JSON);


        IndexResponse response = esClient.index(request, RequestOptions.DEFAULT);
        System.out.println(response.getResult());
        esClient.close();
    }
}

修改文档

public class ESTest_Doc_Update {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {

        //创建ES客户端
        RestHighLevelClient esClient = new RestHighLevelClient(
                RestClient.builder(new HttpHost("localhost",9200,"http"))
        );

        //修改数据
        UpdateRequest request = new UpdateRequest();
        request.index("user").id("1001");
        request.doc(XContentType.JSON,"sex","女");

        UpdateResponse response = esClient.update(request, RequestOptions.DEFAULT);

        System.out.println(response.getResult());

        esClient.close();
    }
}

查询文档

public class ESTest_Doc_Get {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {

        //创建ES客户端
        RestHighLevelClient esClient = new RestHighLevelClient(
                RestClient.builder(new HttpHost("localhost",9200,"http"))
        );

        //查询数据
        GetRequest request = new GetRequest();
        request.index("user").id("1001");
        GetResponse response = esClient.get(request, RequestOptions.DEFAULT);
        System.out.println(response.getSourceAsString());

        esClient.close();
    }
}

删除文档

public class ESTest_Doc_Delete {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {

        //创建ES客户端
        RestHighLevelClient esClient = new RestHighLevelClient(
                RestClient.builder(new HttpHost("localhost",9200,"http"))
        );

        //删除数据

        DeleteRequest request = new DeleteRequest();
        request.index("user").id("1001");
        DeleteResponse response = esClient.delete(request, RequestOptions.DEFAULT);
        System.out.println(response.toString());

        esClient.close();
    }
}

批量新增

  • 非实体类新增
public class ESTest_Doc_Insert_Batch {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {

        //创建ES客户端
        RestHighLevelClient esClient = new RestHighLevelClient(
                RestClient.builder(new HttpHost("localhost",9200,"http"))
        );

        //批量插入数据
        BulkRequest request = new BulkRequest();
        request.add(new IndexRequest().index("user").id("1001").source(XContentType.JSON,"name","zhangsan"));
        request.add(new IndexRequest().index("user").id("1002").source(XContentType.JSON,"name","lisi"));
        request.add(new IndexRequest().index("user").id("1003").source(XContentType.JSON,"name","wangwu"));
        request.add(new IndexRequest().index("user").id("1004").source(XContentType.JSON,"name","lucy"));


        BulkResponse response = esClient.bulk(request, RequestOptions.DEFAULT);
        System.out.println(response.getTook());
        System.out.println(response.getItems());

        esClient.close();
    }
}
  • 实体类新增
public class EsDocCreateBatch {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
        // 连接 ES 客户端
        RestHighLevelClient esClient = new RestHighLevelClient(
                RestClient.builder(new HttpHost("localhost",9200,"http")));

        BulkRequest request = new BulkRequest();
        // 创建数据对象
        User user = new User("可乐","18","男");
        request.add(new IndexRequest().index("user").id("1001").source(XContentType.JSON, "username","可乐","age",18,"sex","男"));
        request.add(new IndexRequest().index("user").id("1002").source(XContentType.JSON, "username","冰糖","age",20,"sex","女"));
        request.add(new IndexRequest().index("user").id("1003").source(XContentType.JSON, "username","雪梨","age",22,"sex","女"));
        request.add(new IndexRequest().index("user").id("1004").source(XContentType.JSON, "username","酸橙","age",24,"sex","男"));
        request.add(new IndexRequest().index("user").id("1005").source(XContentType.JSON, "username","蜜桃","age",26,"sex","女"));
        // 客户端发送请求,获取响应对象
        BulkResponse response = esClient.bulk(request, RequestOptions.DEFAULT);
        System.out.println("响应时间:" + response.getTook());
        System.out.println("创建的内容:" + Arrays.toString(response.getItems()));


        // 关闭 ES 客户端
        esClient.close();
    }
}

批量删除

public class ESTest_Doc_Delete_Batch {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {

        //创建ES客户端
        RestHighLevelClient esClient = new RestHighLevelClient(
                RestClient.builder(new HttpHost("localhost",9200,"http"))
        );

        //批量插入数据
        BulkRequest request = new BulkRequest();
        //配置修改参数
        request.add(new DeleteRequest().index("user").id("1001"));
        request.add(new DeleteRequest().index("user").id("1002"));
        request.add(new DeleteRequest().index("user").id("1003"));
        request.add(new DeleteRequest().index("user").id("1004"));
        request.add(new DeleteRequest().index("user").id("1005"));
        //客户端发送请求,获取响应对象
        BulkResponse response = esClient.bulk(request, RequestOptions.DEFAULT);
        //打印结果信息
        System.out.println("响应时间:"+response.getTook());
        esClient.close();
    }
}

总结

增删改查操作格式:

  • 连接 ES 客户端
  • 创建一个 XXXRequest 对象,其中 XXX 代表增删改查
  • 给该对象设置索引和文档
  • 调用 .XXX请求,传入参数,其中 XXX 代表增删改查

高级查询

查询准备

需要事先插入几条数据

public class EsDocCreateBatch {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
        // 连接 ES 客户端
        RestHighLevelClient esClient = new RestHighLevelClient(
                RestClient.builder(new HttpHost("localhost",9200,"http")));

        BulkRequest request = new BulkRequest();
        ObjectMapper objectMapper = new ObjectMapper();
        // 创建数据对象
        request.add(new IndexRequest().index("user").id("1001").source(objectMapper.writeValueAsString(new User("可乐", 18, "男")), XContentType.JSON));
        request.add(new IndexRequest().index("user").id("1002").source(objectMapper.writeValueAsString(new User("冰糖", 20, "女")), XContentType.JSON));
        request.add(new IndexRequest().index("user").id("1003").source(objectMapper.writeValueAsString(new User("雪梨", 22, "女")), XContentType.JSON));
        request.add(new IndexRequest().index("user").id("1004").source(objectMapper.writeValueAsString(new User("酸橙", 24, "男")), XContentType.JSON));
        request.add(new IndexRequest().index("user").id("1005").source(objectMapper.writeValueAsString(new User("蜜桃", 30, "女")), XContentType.JSON));
        // 客户端发送请求,获取响应对象
        BulkResponse response = esClient.bulk(request, RequestOptions.DEFAULT);
        System.out.println("响应时间:" + response.getTook());

        // 关闭 ES 客户端
        esClient.close();
    }
}

查询所有索引数据

public class ESTest_Doc_QueryAll {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {

        //创建ES客户端
        RestHighLevelClient esClient = new RestHighLevelClient(
                RestClient.builder(new HttpHost("localhost",9200,"http"))
        );

        //1.查询索引中全部的数据
        SearchRequest request = new SearchRequest();
        // !!! 参数可以是多个索引
        request.indices("user");
  
        SearchSourceBuilder query = new SearchSourceBuilder().query(QueryBuilders.matchAllQuery());
        request.source(query);
        SearchResponse response = esClient.search(request, RequestOptions.DEFAULT);

        SearchHits hits = response.getHits();
        System.out.println("总共的查询条数:"+hits.getTotalHits());
        System.out.println("查询时间:"+response.getTook());
        System.out.println("详细数据;");
        for (SearchHit hit : hits) {
            // 输出每条查询的结果信息
            System.out.println(hit.getSourceAsString());
        }
        esClient.close();
    }
}

条件查询:term

public class ESTermQuery {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
        //连接ES客户端
        RestHighLevelClient esClient =
                new RestHighLevelClient(RestClient.builder(new HttpHost("localhost", 9200, "http")));

        SearchRequest request = new SearchRequest();
        request.indices("user");

        //构建查询的请求体
        SearchSourceBuilder sourceBuilder = new SearchSourceBuilder();
        sourceBuilder.query(QueryBuilders.termQuery("age","18"));
        SearchResponse response = esClient.search(request.source(sourceBuilder), RequestOptions.DEFAULT);

        //查询匹配
        SearchHits hits = response.getHits();
        System.out.println("响应时间:"+response.getTook());
        System.out.println("是否超时:"+response.isTimedOut());
        System.out.println("命中数量:"+hits.getTotalHits());
        System.out.println("MaxScore:"+hits.getMaxScore());
        System.out.println("详细数据:");
        for (SearchHit hit : hits) {
            //输出每条查询的结果信息
            System.out.println(hit.getSourceAsString());
        }

        //关闭ES客户端
        esClient.close();
    }
}

条件查询:terms

public class ESTermQuery {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
        //连接ES客户端
        RestHighLevelClient esClient =
                new RestHighLevelClient(RestClient.builder(new HttpHost("localhost", 9200, "http")));

        SearchRequest request = new SearchRequest();
        request.indices("user");

        //构建查询的请求体
        SearchSourceBuilder sourceBuilder = new SearchSourceBuilder();
        sourceBuilder.query(QueryBuilders.termsQuery("age","18","20","23"));
        SearchResponse response = esClient.search(request.source(sourceBuilder), RequestOptions.DEFAULT);

        //查询匹配
        SearchHits hits = response.getHits();
        System.out.println("响应时间:"+response.getTook());
        System.out.println("是否超时:"+response.isTimedOut());
        System.out.println("命中数量:"+hits.getTotalHits());
        System.out.println("MaxScore:"+hits.getMaxScore());
        System.out.println("详细数据:");
        for (SearchHit hit : hits) {
            //输出每条查询的结果信息
            System.out.println(hit.getSourceAsString());
        }

        //关闭ES客户端
        esClient.close();
    }
}

分页查询

public class ESTermQuery {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
        //连接ES客户端
        RestHighLevelClient esClient =
                new RestHighLevelClient(RestClient.builder(new HttpHost("localhost", 9200, "http")));   
		//分页查询
        SearchRequest request = new SearchRequest();
        request.indices("user");

        //构建查询的请求体
        SearchSourceBuilder sourceBuilder = new SearchSourceBuilder();
        sourceBuilder.query(QueryBuilders.matchAllQuery());
        sourceBuilder.from(0);
        sourceBuilder.size(2);
        SearchResponse response = esClient.search(request.source(sourceBuilder), RequestOptions.DEFAULT);

        //查询匹配
        SearchHits hits = response.getHits();
        System.out.println("响应时间:"+response.getTook());
        System.out.println("是否超时:"+response.isTimedOut());
        System.out.println("命中数量:"+hits.getTotalHits());
        System.out.println("MaxScore:"+hits.getMaxScore());
        System.out.println("详细数据:");
        for (SearchHit hit : hits) {
            //输出每条查询的结果信息
            System.out.println(hit.getSourceAsString());
        }

        //关闭ES客户端
        esClient.close();
    }
}

排序查询

public class ESTermQuery {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
        //连接ES客户端
        RestHighLevelClient esClient =
                new RestHighLevelClient(RestClient.builder(new HttpHost("localhost", 9200, "http")));  
		//查询排序
        SearchRequest request = new SearchRequest();
        request.indices("user");

        //构建查询的请求体
        SearchSourceBuilder sourceBuilder = new SearchSourceBuilder();
        sourceBuilder.query(QueryBuilders.matchAllQuery());
        sourceBuilder.sort("age", SortOrder.DESC);
        SearchResponse response = esClient.search(request.source(sourceBuilder), RequestOptions.DEFAULT);

        //查询匹配
        SearchHits hits = response.getHits();
        System.out.println("响应时间:"+response.getTook());
        System.out.println("是否超时:"+response.isTimedOut());
        System.out.println("命中数量:"+hits.getTotalHits());
        System.out.println("MaxScore:"+hits.getMaxScore());
        System.out.println("详细数据:");
        for (SearchHit hit : hits) {
            //输出每条查询的结果信息
            System.out.println(hit.getSourceAsString());
        }

        //关闭ES客户端
        esClient.close();
    }
}

过滤字段

public class ESTermQuery {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
        //连接ES客户端
        RestHighLevelClient esClient =
                new RestHighLevelClient(RestClient.builder(new HttpHost("localhost", 9200, "http")));  
		//过滤字段
        SearchRequest request = new SearchRequest();
        request.indices("user");

        //构建查询的请求体
        SearchSourceBuilder sourceBuilder = new SearchSourceBuilder();
        sourceBuilder.query(QueryBuilders.matchAllQuery());

        String[] excludes={"age"};
        String[] includes={"name"};
        sourceBuilder.fetchSource(includes,excludes);
        SearchResponse response = esClient.search(request.source(sourceBuilder), RequestOptions.DEFAULT);

        //查询匹配
        SearchHits hits = response.getHits();
        System.out.println("响应时间:"+response.getTook());
        System.out.println("是否超时:"+response.isTimedOut());
        System.out.println("命中数量:"+hits.getTotalHits());
        System.out.println("MaxScore:"+hits.getMaxScore());
        System.out.println("详细数据:");
        for (SearchHit hit : hits) {
            //输出每条查询的结果信息
            System.out.println(hit.getSourceAsString());
        }

        //关闭ES客户端
        esClient.close();
    }
}

Bool查询

public class ESTermQuery {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
        //连接ES客户端
        RestHighLevelClient esClient =
                new RestHighLevelClient(RestClient.builder(new HttpHost("localhost", 9200, "http")));   
		//组合查询
        SearchRequest request = new SearchRequest();
        request.indices("user");

        //构建查询的请求体
        SearchSourceBuilder sourceBuilder = new SearchSourceBuilder();
        BoolQueryBuilder boolQueryBuilder = QueryBuilders.boolQuery();
        //必须包含
        boolQueryBuilder.must(QueryBuilders.matchQuery("age","30"));
        //一定不含
        boolQueryBuilder.mustNot(QueryBuilders.matchQuery("username","可乐"));
        //可能包含
        boolQueryBuilder.should(QueryBuilders.matchQuery("sex","男"));
        sourceBuilder.query(boolQueryBuilder);
        SearchResponse response = esClient.search(request.source(sourceBuilder), RequestOptions.DEFAULT);

        //查询匹配
        SearchHits hits = response.getHits();
        System.out.println("响应时间:"+response.getTook());
        System.out.println("是否超时:"+response.isTimedOut());
        System.out.println("命中数量:"+hits.getTotalHits());
        System.out.println("MaxScore:"+hits.getMaxScore());
        System.out.println("详细数据:");
        for (SearchHit hit : hits) {
            //输出每条查询的结果信息
            System.out.println(hit.getSourceAsString());
        }

        //关闭ES客户端
        esClient.close();
    }
}

范围查询

public class ESTermQuery {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
        //连接ES客户端
        RestHighLevelClient esClient =
                new RestHighLevelClient(RestClient.builder(new HttpHost("localhost", 9200, "http")));   
		//范围查询
        SearchRequest request = new SearchRequest();
        request.indices("user");

        //构建查询的请求体
        SearchSourceBuilder sourceBuilder = new SearchSourceBuilder();
        RangeQueryBuilder rangeQuery = QueryBuilders.rangeQuery("age");
        rangeQuery.gte(30);
        rangeQuery.lte(40);
        sourceBuilder.query(rangeQuery);

        request.source(sourceBuilder);
        SearchResponse response = esClient.search(request, RequestOptions.DEFAULT);

        //查询匹配
        SearchHits hits = response.getHits();
        System.out.println("took:" + response.getTook());
        System.out.println("timeout:" + response.isTimedOut());
        System.out.println("total:" + hits.getTotalHits());
        System.out.println("MaxScore:" + hits.getMaxScore());
        for (SearchHit hit : hits) {
            // 输出每条查询的结果信息
            System.out.println(hit.getSourceAsString());
        }
        //关闭ES客户端
        esClient.close();
    }
}

模糊查询

public class ESTermQuery {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
        //连接ES客户端
        RestHighLevelClient esClient =
                new RestHighLevelClient(RestClient.builder(new HttpHost("localhost", 9200, "http")));
        //模糊查询
		SearchRequest request = new SearchRequest();
        request.indices("user");

        //构建查询的请求体
        SearchSourceBuilder sourceBuilder = new SearchSourceBuilder();
        QueryBuilders.fuzzyQuery("name","wangwu").fuzziness(Fuzziness.ONE);


        request.source(sourceBuilder);
        SearchResponse response = esClient.search(request, RequestOptions.DEFAULT);

        //查询匹配
        SearchHits hits = response.getHits();
        System.out.println("took:" + response.getTook());
        System.out.println("timeout:" + response.isTimedOut());
        System.out.println("total:" + hits.getTotalHits());
        System.out.println("MaxScore:" + hits.getMaxScore());
        for (SearchHit hit : hits) {
            // 输出每条查询的结果信息
            System.out.println(hit.getSourceAsString());
        }
        //关闭ES客户端
        esClient.close();
    }
}

高亮查询

public class ESTermQuery {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
        //连接ES客户端
        RestHighLevelClient esClient =
                new RestHighLevelClient(RestClient.builder(new HttpHost("localhost", 9200, "http"))); 
		//高亮查询
        SearchRequest request = new SearchRequest();
        request.indices("user");

        //构建查询的请求体
        SearchSourceBuilder sourceBuilder = new SearchSourceBuilder();
        TermsQueryBuilder termsQueryBuilder = QueryBuilders.termsQuery("age", "18","20");

        sourceBuilder.query(termsQueryBuilder);

        HighlightBuilder highlightBuilder = new HighlightBuilder();
        highlightBuilder.preTags("<font color='red'>");
        highlightBuilder.postTags("</font>");
        highlightBuilder.field("age");

        request.source(sourceBuilder);
        SearchResponse response = esClient.search(request, RequestOptions.DEFAULT);

        //查询匹配
        SearchHits hits = response.getHits();
        System.out.println("took:" + response.getTook());
        System.out.println("timeout:" + response.isTimedOut());
        System.out.println("total:" + hits.getTotalHits());
        System.out.println("MaxScore:" + hits.getMaxScore());
        System.out.println("详细数据:");
        for (SearchHit hit : hits) {
            // 输出每条查询的结果信息
            System.out.println(hit.getSourceAsString());
        }
        //关闭ES客户端
        esClient.close();
    }
}

聚合查询

最大值

public class EsArrgQuery {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
        // 连接 ES 客户端 
        RestHighLevelClient esClient = new RestHighLevelClient(
                RestClient.builder(new HttpHost("localhost",9200,"http")));

        // 高亮查询
        SearchRequest request = new SearchRequest().indices("user");
        SearchSourceBuilder sourceBuilder = new SearchSourceBuilder();
        sourceBuilder.aggregation(AggregationBuilders.max("maxAge").field("age"));
        // 3.客户端发送请求,获取响应对象
        SearchResponse response = esClient.search(request.source(sourceBuilder), RequestOptions.DEFAULT);
        // 4.打印响应结果
        System.out.println(response);

        // 关闭 ES 客户端
        esClient.close();
    }
}

分组统计

public class EsArrgQuery {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
        // 连接 ES 客户端 
        RestHighLevelClient esClient = new RestHighLevelClient(
                RestClient.builder(new HttpHost("localhost",9200,"http")));

        // 高亮查询
        SearchRequest request = new SearchRequest().indices("user");
        SearchSourceBuilder sourceBuilder = new SearchSourceBuilder();
        sourceBuilder.aggregation(AggregationBuilders.terms("ageGroupby").field("age"));
        // 3.客户端发送请求,获取响应对象
        SearchResponse response = esClient.search(request.source(sourceBuilder), RequestOptions.DEFAULT);
        // 4.打印响应结果
        SearchHits hits = response.getHits();
        System.out.println(response);

        // 关闭 ES 客户端
        esClient.close();
    }
}